Auyuittuq National Park of Canada
Resident wildlife species are wonderfully adapted to the dominant environmental conditions in the arctic: cold, wind, snow, and ice. There are fewer numbers of wildlife species in arctic ecosystems as compared to southern ecosystems, but there are often large numbers of individuals within a species. Good examples are pods of whales, colonies of seabirds, and herds of caribou. Many of the arctic wildlife species are also migratory, a trait which enables them to take advantage of good feeding grounds, as well as good calving or nesting areas.
Auyuittuq is covered by the Penny Ice Cap and many glaciers and mountains, so only a small portion of the land area (approximately 15%) has good wildlife habitat. In contrast, the coastal marine areas, including the northern fiords of the park, are rich in wildlife. Eight species of terrestrial mammals, six species of marine mammals, 18 species of breeding birds, and 13 species of fish have been recorded in the park area. Additional species are found on the Cumberland Peninsula, and in the waters of Cumberland Sound and Davis Strait adjacent to the park.