Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada
It is believed that a camper involuntarily brought the Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle to Kouchibouguac National Park by importing firewood at the campground. © Parks Canada
Firewood Importation Now Prohibited
Going camping? You might want to think twice about throwing a few pieces of firewood into the trunk of the car. Parks Canada is reminding campers of the dangers of moving firewood.
Facts on Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle
- The BSLB is native to northern and Central Europe and Western Siberia and Japan.
- In Canada, the species will attack healthy red spruce, white spruce, black spruce and Norway spruce, making it an important threat to the ecological integrity of our forests and the forest industry.
BSLB was first detected in Point Pleasant Park in Halifax near the harbour in 1999.
- The species has expanded since then with the first positive detection outside Nova Scotia in 2011 at the Saltmarsh trail in Kouchibouguac National Park (August 2011).
- It is believed that a camper involuntarily brought the BSLB to Kouchibouguac National Park by importing firewood at the campground.
Symptoms of attacked trees inlude:
- Streams of resin scattered along the trunk
- Holes in the bark about 4 mm across
- Networks of feeding tunnels just under the bark, up to 6 mm across
- Tunnels in the wood about 4 cm deep and 6 mm wide. These tunnels appear L-shaped when the wood is cut longitudinally
- Coarse sawdust may be found in and around tunnels or plugging the exit hole
A Canadian Forest Service employee installing an insect trap. © Parks Canada
As a result of having confirmed the presence of the Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle — Tetropium fuscum in Kouchibouguac National Park in 2011, the importation of firewood into the park is prohibited given the seriousness of this potential threat to Canada’s forest industry. Parks Canada will take all reasonable measures to ensure the continued health of the park’s forest and its ecological integrity. In taking this measure, the Agency is adhering to the “Don’t Move Firewood” Campaign coordinated by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Invasive insects and diseases such as the BSLB can exist in firewood and it is suspected that the pest was transported to New Brunswick on firewood. “A single piece of firewood can destroy millions of trees so we are asking the public to leave their firewood at home, buy firewood available in the park which is certified kiln dried wood, and burn it on site,” says Éric Tremblay, Ecosystem Scientist for Parks Canada.
“Along with the CFIA, we are presently conducting monitoring activities including the installation of 125 insect traps in and around the campground area,” says Tremblay. The traps are black, plastic cylindrical structures that are suspended in trees. They are designed to attract the BSLB . “While the traps do not pose a danger to the public, it is important that they not be disturbed so that their efficiency is maintained,” says Tremblay. “We need the public’s collaboration in helping to slow the spread of this destructive species.”
Although BSLB does not pose a risk to human health, it is a highly destructive beetle. Since its discovery in 1999 in Point Pleasant Park in Halifax, it has killed thousands of spruce trees in Nova Scotia, and poses an economic and environmental threat to urban and forested areas of North America.
How to Help?
We all share the responsibility to help protect Canada’s forests. A reminder to campers :
- Don’t Move Firewood.
- Buy it in the park.
- Burn it on site.