Common Alpine Wildflowers of Mount Revelstoke National Park

Sitka valerian (Valeriana sitchensis) Sitka valerian (Valeriana sitchensis)

Sitka valerian has been used to treat insomnia and helps with relaxation. When the plant initially comes up in the spring, its shoots are red and its flowers are tinged pink. Later in the season the plant loses this red pigment, called anthocyanin. The red pigment helps to protect the plant by blocking some UV radiation and it also warms the plant by absorbing more infrared radiation.

© Parks Canada / Karen Best