Kootenay National Park of Canada

The Badger - A Species at Risk

Glossary

Biological diversity - biodiversity: the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

COSEWIC: the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada; COSEWIC is the federal agency that identifies species that are at risk.

Data deficient: a species for which there is insufficient scientific information to support status designation.

Ecosystem: an interdependent and dynamic system of living organisms with their physical and geographical environment.

Ecotype: subspecific form within a true species, resulting from selection within a particular habitat and therefore adapted genetically to that habitat, but which can interbreed with other members of the species.

Endangered: a wildlife species that is facing imminent extirpation or extinction.

Endemic species: a species native and confined to a certain region; having comparatively restricted distribution.

Exotic species: a species that did not originally occur in the areas in which it is now found, but that arrived as a direct or indirect result of human activity.

Extinct: a species that no longer exists.

Extirpated: a wildlife species that no longer exists in the wild in Canada, but exists elsewhere in the wild.

Habitat: the particular type of local environment occupied by an individual or a population.

Historic range: those geographic areas the species was known or believed to occupy in the past.

Indigenous species: a species native to Canada.

Invasive species: a species that has moved into an area and reproduced so aggressively that it has replaced some of the original species.

Not at risk: a species that has been evaluated by COSEWIC and found to be not at risk.

Organism: any individual living creature, either unicellular (e.g., bacteria) or multicellular (e.g., fungi, plants, animals).

Population: a group of individuals of one species, found within a prescribed area and usually somewhat isolated from other groups of the same species.

Range: the geographical limits of a species or group; a migratory species usually has both a breeding range and a wintering range.

Recovery: the restoration of a species to a viable, self-sustaining population level, able to withstand random events and other environmental variables.

Red listed: a species or subspecies that is a candidate for extirpated (no longer found in the wild in Canada), endangered or threatened status in British Columbia.

Special concern: a wildlife species that may become a threatened or an endangered species because of a combination of biological characteristics and identified threats.

Species: a group of closely related organisms which are capable of interbreeding, and which are reproductively isolated from other groups of organisms; the basic unit of biological classification.

Stewardship: management of the heritage of our natural spaces and species in such a way that it can be passed on to future Canadians intact.

Subspecies: a physically distinct sub-unit of a species, sometimes called a race.

Threatened: a wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to its extirpation or extinction.