Banff National Park of Canada
Trans-Canada Highway Twinning
The Banff Wildlife Crossings Project Report, 2002
Highway mitigation measures have been designed to reduce the impacts of roads on wildlife. Highway mitigation in Banff National Park, Alberta, is the only large-scale complex of wildlife mitigation passage structures in the world.
There is no other location with as many and diverse types of wildlife crossing structures or accompanying data on wildlife distribution, movement and ecology. Besides having exceptionally diverse forms of wildlife crossing structures (5 designs) set in the landscape over two distinct time periods (recent structures built in 1997, and older structures built in the mid-1980s), Banff mitigation research can boast of having the world's longest, year-round monitoring program and most information on passage use by wildlife. This alone has allowed the mitigation research in Banff to be on the leading edge of investigations regarding the effectiveness of highway mitigation passages in maintaining landscape connectivity.
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