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Banff National Park

Mountain Wildlife

For wolf, bear and cougar sightings and wildlife related incidents call:

Banff: 403-762-1470
Kootenay and Yoho: 403-762-1473
Jasper: 403-852-6155
Revelstoke / Glacier: 1-877-852-3100 


 

White-tailed Deer

Characteristics
Tan colour, tail has white underside and is held erect like a flag when alarmed.

Where to find
Mostly valley bottoms



Elk

Characteristics
Brown body, darker neck and large tan rump patch. Backwards slanting antlers.

Where to find
Valley bottoms and open areas. Commonly seen around townsites.

 


Mule Deer

Characteristics
Black tip on tail, large ears, white rump, grey colour.

Where to find
Mostly valley bottoms.




Mountain Goat

Characteristics
Narrow black horns, beard, long white hair.

Where to find
Near steep rocky terrain.



Moose

Characteristics
Long legs, shoulder hump. Built like a horse with a large head. Shovel-like antlers.

Where to find
Wet and marshy areas.




Bighorn Sheep

Characteristics
White rump and light brown fur and horns. Males: thick curved horns. Females:
short narrow horns.

Where to find
Near steep rocky terrain.



Columbian Ground Squirrel

Characteristics
Tan-coloured. Longer body. Has a highpitched “squeak”.

Where to find
Meadows, roadsides and townsites in underground colonies.
R. Gruys




Caribou

Characteristics
Darker body with light neck hair. C-shaped antlers with shovellike tines at their base.

Where to find
Alpine and subalpine meadows. Threatened species. Only exist in Jasper and Mt. Revelstoke.





Coyote

Characteristics
Medium-sized dog. Thick, bushy tail. Greyish-brown in colour.

Where to find
Valley bottoms, well adapted to humans.




Wolf

Characteristics
Built like a large German Shepherd, with longer legs. Colour can vary from white to black.

Where to find
Mainly valley bottoms.





Red Squirrel

Characteristics
Red body, white underside and very large, bushy tail.

Where to find
Coniferous forests, scampering up trees.





Marmot

Characteristics
Large and silver-brown in colour with longer hair.

Where to find
Alpine and subalpine meadows, rock piles and scree slopes.



Grizzly or Black Bear?

Black Bear

Grizzly Bear

  • No shoulder hump
  • Small head
  • Short claws
  • Tall ears
  • Large head
  • Distinctive shoulder hump
  • Long claws
  • Short rounded ears