Species at Risk
Wood bison are the largest land mammals in North America. Historical estimates
suggest that there were once over 168,000 wood bison in Canada. Heavy hunting
and severe winters are believed to be the main causes for the historical decline
of the wood bison population. Today, the wood bison population in Canada is
estimated at around 10,000 animals. Wood bison are classified as threatened
by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC).
A National Recovery Plan for Wood Bison was published by the National Wood
Bison Recovery Team in 2001 and recovery measures were undertaken by Parks
Canada and its partners.
Wood Bison in Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada.
© Parks Canada / W. Lynch / 09.90.10.01
(100) / 1987