Species at Risk

Inner Bay of Fundy Salmon

Salmo salar

Why protect the Inner Bay of Fundy Salmon?

There are several reasons to protect the iBoF Atlantic Salmon, like:

  • Atlantic Salmon possess all the required information to survive in their native rivers. Although it is possible to introduce a new salmon to the same river system, it does not have the adaptations, instinct and knowledge as the others who have survived here for 10,000 years. All salmon are not evolved as equals.
  • The Inner Bay of Fundy Atlantic salmon contribute to the genetic biodiversity of Atlantic salmon as a distinct population with adaptations and habitat requirements specific to the Bay of Fundy.
  • By protecting the Atlantic salmon through habitat stewardship, we are also contributing to healthier habitats for others species including other species of the area.

Healthy salmon populations are an indication of the health of both our rivers and our oceans.

What is Parks Canada doing to save the Inner Bay of Fundy Salmon?

Fundy National Park has monitored salmon populations within the park for over 25 years. Adults are counted in the fall as they return to spawn. Smolt are counted in the Spring as they leave for the Bay. Parr are counted in the summer by electrofishing. The habitats are studied to better understand their ability to meet the fish’s needs. Other areas are restored in order to provide healthier environments for the fish return. But Fundy National Park cannot save the iBoF Salmon alone!

Parks Canada is a member of the National iBoF Salmon Recovery program with various partners: the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, the Atlantic Salmon Federation, the Canadian Rivers Institute, and the Fort Folly First Nation. Together, we are trying to understand what is contributing to the salmon’s demise and what needs to be done to save them.

Solving the problems at sea

The recovery program includes researching problems iBoF Salmon are facing in the ocean. Scientists from both Parks Canada and the partnering groups are tracking the movements of the smolts and adults using various tracking devises carried within the rivers and ocean. With these methods, we hope to better understand movement patterns of the iBoF Salmon to locate problem areas.

Protecting the remaining iBoF Salmon

Capture of young salmon
Capture of young salmon.
© Parks Canada

Another element of the Recovery program concentrates on protecting the genetic identity/information of iBoF Salmon from disappearing. With the help of our team partners, Fundy National Park is raising its native iBoF salmon at the Mactaquac Biodiversity Facility. Genetic fingerprinting will determine salmon families (who is related to who?), identify the carriers of foreign (aquaculture) genes, and influence the spawning and releasing strategies.