Species at Risk
What is the Northern Abalone?
It is illegal to harvest the Northern Abalone in British-Columbia
but poaching continues to be an issue since this species has a high commercial
value around the world.
The Northern Abalone is a marine snail with a flat, oval-shaped shell, mottled
reddish or greenish, with areas of white or blue. It is often camouflaged
by algae that grows on its shell. It is the smallest abalone on the Pacific
coast, measuring no longer than 16.5 cm.
Where are the Northern Abalone found?
The Northern Abalone is found further north than any other abalone - living
throughout the north-eastern Pacific Ocean, from California all the way up
to Alaska. It is the only abalone commonly found in British Columbia, including
the water of the proposed national marine conservation area adjacent to Gwaii
Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site. Adult abalone are
typically found within 10 meters of the water surface. This is where they
feed on algae, including kelp, their favourite food.
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage
Site © Parks Canada / C. Cheadle/
10.105.07.19 (59) /2003