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Fort Walsh National Historic Site of Canada

Natural Heritage

The Cypress Hills are a dissected, flat-topped plateau of about one thousand square miles in south western Saskatchewan and south eastern Alberta. They are remnants of a much larger depositional plateau, which existed in the region forty million years ago.

Although it has a comparatively small land base, the Fort Walsh Site contains a diverse array of vegetation which includes grassland shrub and open woodland.

Nowhere else on the Canadian prairies can you smell the sweet scent of pine or the alpine-like carpet of flowers of the fescue prairie. Nowhere else can you hear and see the variety of birds and wildlife such as deer, moose and elk on the great plains of Saskatchewan and Alberta. Nowhere else can you gaze across the prairie landscape from one of the numerous vistas knowing that you are standing on the highest point of Canadian soil east of the Rockies.