Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site of Canada
Sir George-Étienne Cartier Died From Bright's Disease. What is This Illness?
George-Étienne Cartier, 1863
© Musée McCord Museum, Montréal
/ William Notman / I-7956, 1863
It is chronic nephritis, a kidney disease named and described by
Dr. Richard Bright (1788-1858), Queen Victoria's doctor. In Cartier's day
this illness was considered to be incurable and all doctors could do was
to try to delay the sad outcome. Sir George experienced the first symptoms,
swelling of the lower limbs, in 1871. He passed away in his London apartment
on May 20, 1873.