Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site of Canada
Did You Know That...
Sir George-Étienne Cartier Was Not Related to the Famous Navigator Jacques Cartier?
Jacques Cartier III ( 1774-1841), father of George-Étienne
© National Archives of Canada / C-28025
Marguerite Paradis (1779-1848), mother of George-Étienne
© National Archives of Canada / C-28026
Although his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather all bore
the first name of Jacques, George-Étienne Cartier was not a descendant
of the explorer Jacques Cartier.
George-Étienne Cartier was born in Saint-Antoine-sur-le-Richelieu,
Quebec, on September 6, 1814. His family had inhabited this village for three
generations, and were shopkeepers. George-Étienne was given primary
education at home by his mother. At the age of 10, he left his home town and
began preparatory school at the Collège de Montréal, an institution
directed by the Sulpician priests and frequented by the scions of the Montreal
area elite. Upon leaving college, Cartier began his clerkship at the law offices
of Patriote (rebel) Legislative Assembly Member Édouard Rodier, whose
political ideals he also shared for a short time.