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Sainte-Anne-de- Bellevue Canal National Historic Site of Canada

Natural Heritage

Visitors pic-niking under the trees. In the background, the Ottawa River Rest area
© Parks Canada / Jean Mercier / 2002

The Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal is located on the southwestern tip of the Island of Montreal. The climate of this region is characterized by high precipitation, due to the high humidity from the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers.

The geology of the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal region consists of a substrate formed from bedrock of sedimentary origin dating from the Cambrian period (510 million years ago). The pedology of the site is composed of a clay surface deposit spread by the Champlain Sea, and soil that has been disturbed by man.

The tree and shrub flora on this site consists almost exclusively of individual examples of planted ornamental species. As a result, no plant or tree community is found here.

Because of the many visitors, this area is not ideal for observing mammals or reptiles . However, many urban birds can be seen. The rapids facing the canal contain major fish spawning sites.