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Bellevue House National Historic Site of Canada

Some of the personalities you might meet at Bellevue House National Historic Site

Sir John A. Macdonald: A Father of Confederation and Canada's First Prime Minister.

Helen Macdonald: Sir John A. Macdonald's mother.

Isabella Macdonald (née Clark): Sir John A. Macdonald's first wife, and Hugh John's mother.

Hugh John Macdonald: Sir John A. Macdonald's son, later Premier of Manitoba.

Susan Agnes Macdonald (née Bernard): Sir John A. Macdonald's second wife, and Margaret "Mary" Theodora's mother.

Margaret "Mary" Theodora Macdonald: Sir John A. Macdonald's daughter.

George Étienne Cartier: Canada East's most important Father of Confederation and Macdonald's most significant political ally in French Canada before and after the birth of the country.

Alexander Campbell: Macdonald's second law student, and later partner, as well as a solid ally right from the beginning of his political career. He was also a Father of Confederation.

Oliver Mowat: Macdonald's first law student but later a fierce political enemy whose fight for the independent rights of the provinces conflicted with Macdonald's drive for a strong central (federal) government.

George Brown: Another of Macdonald's political enemies, he swallowed his pride and helped form the Great Coalition whose goal it was to unite all the British colonies in North America as protection against the growing power of the United States.

Sir Hugh Allan: The Montreal business man to whom Macdonald first awarded the national railway contract. As a heavy contributor to Sir John A.'s conservative party, and with links to the United States, he landed Macdonald in serious political trouble.

Louis Riel: Riel and his Red River Métis kinsmen negotiated with Macdonald's government in 1869 for their lands to enter into the new Dominion of Canada as the province of Manitoba. Louis was executed a few years later for acts of treason in Saskatchewan's North West Rebellion.

Sir John Caldwell Abbott: Our first Canadian born Prime Minister (number three overall) and (reluctantly) successor to the post when Macdonald died in 1891 (he retired the next year).

Sir John Sparrow David Thompson: Sir John A. Macdonald's Minister of Justice at the time of Louis Riel's execution in 1885, he defended their government's position on this touchy issue.
He became Canada's fourth Prime Minister and died in office at the youthful age of fifty.

Sir Mackenzie Bowell: Bowell held important cabinet posts for Macdonald's government, including those of Minister of Customs and Minister of Trade and Commerce in the years of the National Policy. He took over as (fifth) Prime Minister of Canada in 1894 but was forced to resign only two years later.

Sir Charles Tupper: One of Macdonald's most important lieutenants, he also held important Cabinet posts in their government. He was Minister of Railways during the lasts years of the CPR's construction and had the shortest term in history as Canada's (sixth) Prime Minister (only 10 weeks!). A representative from Nova Scotia, he was the last survivor of the original Fathers of Confederation.

Thomas D'Arcy McGee: Agreeing with Macdonald on his plans for an expanding and more secure British North America, McGee was part of the Great Coalition for confederation, but was dropped as a member after he managed to offend many Irish voters. It is believed that his assassination was linked to public comments he made against the violent tactics his fellow Irishmen, the Fenians, were using to free their countrymen from British rule.

Donald Smith a.k.a. Baron/Lord Strathcona: He broke ties with Macdonald and voted against him at the time of the Pacific Scandal, but his financial backing and leadership drove the company that realized Macdonald's dream of a transcontinental railway.

William Van Horne: As General Manager of the CPR company, he supervised the last years of it's construction. His efforts to develop the CPR as a means of communications (express mail, telegraph) as well as of transportation, fit well with Sir John A.'s goal of expanding and developing Canada's West.