Located on the grounds of Fort Anne National Historic Site of Canada
, Charles Fort (formerly known as Scots Fort) was built in 1629 by the son of Sir William Alexander as a base for the colony of Nova Scotia ('New Scotland'), granted to Alexander by James I of England and VI of Scotland in 1621. Scottish colonists occupied the fort from 1629 to 1632 when Nova Scotia, known to the French as Acadia, was restored to France by peace treaty. Charles Fort forms part of the important story of early European colonization in Canada and was designated a national historic site in 1951. The remains of Charles Fort have been protected for centuries by being buried under Fort Anne's outer works. These remains are not apparent on the grounds.