Recent progress has been realized in southwestern Ontario, with commemorations associated with the Underground Railroad. Several National Historic Sites of Canada, including the Buxton Settlement in Ontario, a farming community established by Underground Railroad refugees, and the Nazrey African Methodist Episcopal Church in Amherstburg, Ontario, a stone chapel built in 1848 associated with the Underground Railroad, speak eloquently to community formation by this group of refugees from American slavery. The physical expression of community traditions has been recognized at National Historic Sites of Canada commemorating settlement patterns, such as Neubergthal, a Mennonite street village in Manitoba and Stirling Agricultural Village, a Mormon settlement in Alberta. The Main (Boulevard St.Laurent) in Montreal has been designated as an urban historic district important to the development of various ethnocultural communities in Canada.
Stirling Agricultural Village, Alberta - Mormon Pioneer Settlement Pattern
Stirling Agricultural Village, Alberta
Mormon Pioneer Settlement Pattern
To approach the commemoration of the history of ethnocultural communities more effectively, Parks Canada has adopted a number of broad principles. Self-definition of the cultural community and its understanding of related persons, events and sites of importance to the group are recognized as essential.

To this end, Parks Canada's future activities are designed to build capacity and support expressions of interest from ethnocultural communities. Extensive consultation is recognized as essential.
Buxton Settlement, Ontario - Schoolhouse in Farming Community Established by Underground Railroad Refugees
Buxton Settlement, Ontario
Schoolhouse in Farming Community Established by Underground Railroad Refugees
The Main (Boulevard St. Laurent, Montréal), Quebec - Immigrants' Corridor
The Main (Boulevard St. Laurent, Montréal), Quebec
Immigrants' Corridor
See the end of this chapter for detailed information about this topic in a poster format

National Historic Sites Of Canada System Plan

PreviousTable of contentsNext