Persons of National Historic Significance
People who have made an outstanding and lasting contribution to Canadian history may be considered for designation 25 years after their death. Canadian Prime Ministers are eligible for commemoration immediately after death. To date, more than 500 individuals have been designated. In addition to Prime Ministers and other political figures, persons of national historic significance include distinguished literary figures, athletes, educators, performers and artists such as the writer and painter Emily Carr, World War I flying ace and recipient of the Victoria Cross William Avery "Billy" Bishop, and Pitikwahnapiwiyin (Poundmaker), a Plains Cree chief who sought justice under treaty for First Nations people in present-day Saskatchewan and Alberta.
Events of National Historic Significance
Events are designated if they represent a defining action, episode, movement or experience in Canadian history. A broad range of subjects has been recognized through some 300 designations, including the Arrival of Jacques Cartier at Gaspé, the Completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Canada's first transcontinental railway, as well as Canadians and the Normandy Landing, June 6, 1944, a turning point for the Allies during the Second World War.