Typical Objectives of Legislation

In light of the Government of Canada's longstanding interest in the subject, it is no surprise that federal reports11 provide a preliminary checklist of the objectives of archaeological legislation. These offer an apt summary of topics and concerns:

  • designation of all important archaeological resources,
  • a comprehensive register/inventory of archaeological resources,
  • a permit system to authorize archaeologists to conduct explorations,
  • requirements for declarations by finders,
  • a screening system for projects that could have an impact on archaeological resources,
  • public sector ownership of archaeological resources,
  • controls on removal, particularly outside the province or to another country,
  • public access and programming, and
  • an administrative body.