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World Heritage: Canada

Periodic Report on the Application of the World Heritage Convention

SECTION I OF THE PERIODIC REPORT
ON THE APPLICATION OF THE
WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION

APPLICATION OF THE
WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION
BY CANADA

December 2004

7.0 Recommendations and Plan of Action for North America

As a result of the preparation of this periodic report, Canada and the United States recommend that:

1. The World Heritage Committee undertake research on how to recognize the importance of local populations residing within and/or adjacent to natural World Heritage Sites;

2. The World Heritage Committee pause in its cycle of periodic reports in order to develop strategic direction on:

  • the forms and format of the report
  • training priorities based on periodic reports from all regions
  • international cooperation priorities based on all periodic reports
  • the possible inclusion of Mexico in the North American region

3. The World Heritage Committee clarify the requirements (template) for management plans; and

4. The World Heritage Committee develop guidelines for evaluating visual impacts on World Heritage Sites.

Further, Canada and the United States have identified a series of possible future decisions for the Committee, resulting from the periodic report exercise. These future decisions arise specifically from the Section II reports and are summarized below. The decisions will be prepared for Committee consideration in cooperation with the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre.

Approval of new or revised statements of significance:

  • All of the 11 Canadian World Heritage Sites
  • All of the 18 United States World Heritage Sites
  • The 2 transboundary World Heritage Sites

Name change:

  • Nahanni National Park to Nahanni National Park Reserve
  • SGaang Gwaii (Anthony Island) to SGang Gwaay
  • Historic District of Québec to Historic District of Old Québec
  • Mesa Verde to Mesa Verde National Park
  • Yellowstone to Yellowstone National Park
  • La Fortaleza and San Juan Historic Site in Puerto Rico to La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico
  • Chaco Culture National Historical Park to Chaco Culture
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Criterion adjustment due to substantive revisions of criteria over the years:

  • Nahanni National Park, Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Yosemite National Park and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park were inscribed under criteria N ii for their geological processes. Geological processes were moved to N i in February 1994. Therefore, inscriptions for these sites should be updated.
  • Kluane/Wrangell-St. Elias/Glacier Bay/Tatshenshini-Alsek [(1979, 1992, 1994) Criteria N ii, iii and iv]: Kluane and Wrangell-St.Elias were inscribed in 1979 under criteria N ii for the geological processes. Geological processes were moved to N i in February 1994. In 1992, Glacier Bay was nominated as an extension to the existing site on the basis of criteria N ii. Therefore, it should be now criteria N i, ii, iii and iv.

Clarification of initial inscription

  • L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site [(1978) Criterion C vi]: Inscribed under criterion C vi only, while an ICOMOS technical evaluation note recommended criterion C iii as well.
  • L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site [(1978) Criterion C vi]: It is unclear whether only the archaeological site was inscribed or the entire site managed by Parks Canada.
  • Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump [(1981), Criterion C vi]: While the ICOMOS evaluation provided a recommendation on criterion C vi, the evaluation describes values that are also clearly associated with criteria C iii and v.
  • Nahanni National Park [(1978) Criteria N ii and iii]: The IUCN evaluation describes values associated with criteria N iv and some documents mention that Nahanni was inscribed under criterion iv as well.

Change to criteria for inscription:

  • Continue exploring cultural criteria which would recognize the cultural values present in some natural World Heritage Sites and natural criteria which would recognize the natural values present in some cultural World Heritage Sites.