World Heritage: Canada

Periodic Report on the Application of the World Heritage Convention

SECTION I OF THE PERIODIC REPORT
ON THE APPLICATION OF THE
WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION

APPLICATION OF THE
WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION
BY CANADA

December 2004

3.0 World Heritage Sites in North America

There are 31 North American sites on the World Heritage List, as summarized in Table 1.

World Heritage Site State Party Year of Inscription and Extension (if applicable) Criteria for Inscription
Nahanni National Park Canada 1978 N ii, iii
L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Canada 1978 C vi
Dinosaur Provincial Park Canada 1979 N i, iii
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Canada 1981 C vi
SGaang Gwaii (Anthony Island) Canada 1981 C iii
Wood Buffalo National Park Canada 1983 N ii, iii, iv
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks
(Burgess Shale, Banff, Jasper, Yoho and Kootenay National Parks, Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber Provincial Parks)
Canada 1980
1984
1990
N i, ii, iii
Historic District of Québec Canada
1985 C iv, vi
Gros Morne National Park Canada 1987 N i, iii
Old Town Lunenburg Canada 1995 C iv, v
Miguasha National Park Canada 1999 N i
Kluane/Wrangell - St. Elias / Glacier Bay/
Tatshenshini-Alsek
Canada and United States 1979,
1992,
1994
N ii, iii, iv
Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park Canada and United States 1995 N ii, iii
Yellowstone United States 1978 N i, ii, iii, iv
Mesa Verde United States 1978 C iii
Grand Canyon National Park United States 1979 N i, ii, iii, iv
Everglades National Park United States 1979 N i, ii, iv
Independence Hall United States 1979 C vi
Redwood National Park United States 1980 N ii, iii
Mammoth Cave National Park United States 1981 N i, iii, iv
Olympic National Park United States 1981 N ii, iii
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site United States 1982 C iii, iv
Great Smoky Mountains National
Park
United States 1983 N i, ii, iii, iv
La Fortaleza and San Juan Historic Site in Puerto Rico United States 1983 C vi
Statue of Liberty United States 1984 C i, iv
Yosemite National Park United States 1984 N i, ii, iii
Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville United States 1987 C i, iv, vi
Chaco Culture National Historical Park United States 1987 C iii
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park United States 1987 N ii
Pueblo de Taos United States 1992 C iv
Carlsbad Cavern National Park United States 1995 N i, iii
Table 1: World Heritage Sites in North America
 
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Since the ratification of the Convention by the two States Parties and the first inscriptions of sites on the World Heritage List, two North American sites have been inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger, as summarized in Table 2.

World Heritage Site State Party Year of Inscription of List of World Heritage in Danger Main Issue(s) Year of Removal from List of World Heritage in Danger
Everglades National Park United States of America 1993 Alterations of the hydrological regime; increased nutrient pollution;
ecological deterioration of Florida Bay
Still on List of World Heritage in Danger
Yellowstone United States of America 1995 Mining activities; threats to bison and trout; water quality issues; road impacts; visitor use impacts 2003
Table 2: World Heritage in Danger in North America, 1978-2004

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In addition, twelve World Heritage Sites in North America have been the subject of reactive monitoring reports at either the World Heritage Committee or the World Heritage Bureau (Table 3).

World Heritage Site State Party Year(s) of Reactive Monitoring Report Main Issue(s)
Gros Morne National Park Canada 2000, 2001, 2002
  • Potential impacts of proposed logging external to park
Historic District of Québec Canada 1992, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
  • 1992: Proposed development of Imax theatre and a naval academy in the vicinity of the WHS
  • 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004: Cruise ship terminal proposal in the vicinity of the WHS
Dinosaur Provincial Park Canada 1991, 1992
  • Modification to the boundaries
Wood Buffalo National Park Canada 1989, 1991, 1992, 2002,
2003
  • 1989 and 1991: Disease in the park’s buffalo herd; proposed industrial development upstream from the park; logging permitted in the park
  • 1992: The Bureau was satisfied with the Canadian authorities’ progress but asked for continuing monitoring by IUCN
  • 2002 and 2003: Concerns about the construction of a winter road
Nahanni National Park Canada 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
  • Concerns with regard to industrial activities (mining projects) in the vicinity of the park
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks Canada 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003
  • 1995 and 1996: Concerns about the infrastructure development in the Bow River valley corridor
  • 1997 and 1998, 1999 and 2003 : Concerns about the Cheviot mine project in the vicinity of Jasper N.P.
Kluane-Wrangell-St.Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek Canada/United States 1993
  • Concerns about the Windy-Craggy mining project in northern British Columbia
  • British Columbia decided to submit the nomination of an addition in 1993 when the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park was created
Redwood National Park United States 1994, 1995
  • Concerns about Cushing Creek highway realignment
Olympic National Park United States 1990
  • Concerns about an off-shore oil spill
Great Smoky Mountains National Park United States 2001, 2002
  • Concerns about air pollution
Pueblo de Taos United States 1994, 1995, 1996
  • Concerns about enlargement of the nearby Taos Municipal airport
Mammoth Cave National Park United States 2002
  • Concerns about a proposed nearby industrial park
Table 3: Reactive Monitoring of North American World Heritage Sites, 1978-2004

Details about the World Heritage Sites in North America are included in the Section II reports1 prepared as part of the periodic reporting exercise. As per the World Heritage Committee’s approved Format for periodic reporting, each report includes up-to-date information about:

  • the site’s outstanding universal values and criteria for inscription;
  • the site’s authenticity and/or integrity;
  • site management;
  • factors affecting the property; and
  • monitoring of the site’s heritage values

Copies of the Section II reports for North American World Heritage Sites have been submitted to the World Heritage Centre. The reports for the Canadian sites can be found at http://www.pc.gc.ca/docs/pm-wh/rspm-whsr/default.asp and the reports for the American sites can be found at http://www.nps.gov/oia/topics/periodic.htm
 

1Canada did not prepare a report for Miguasha, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1999