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Guidelines for the Management of Archaeological Resources

Responsibility for Archaeological Resources in Areas under Parks Canada Administration

In a large organization there is a need to identify the personnel who are accountable for the work performed in the different areas and/or fields of responsibility. The Field Unit Superintendents, the Service Centre Directors and the Archaeological Services Branch Director are accountable for managing archaeological resources. These managers rely on the expertise of archaeologists to make their decisions.

Field Unit Superintendents

Field Unit Superintendents (FUS) are responsible for management planning and implementation related to archaeological resources located in Parks Canada heritage areas. To strengthen Field Unit decision-making on matters concerning archaeological resources, the FUS have access to expert advice from a Service Centre CRM Manager or another officer.9

Service Centre Directors

Service Centre Directors in each Parks Canada Service Centre are responsible for providing archaeological resource management advice, tools, information and services to the FUS beyond that available within the field unit10. A Service Centre Director may identify an archaeologist to review archaeological research permit applications on behalf of the FUS and to recommend to the FUS whether the permit should be issued and under what conditions. A Service Centre Director is also responsible for managing all archaeological records and collections within the Service Centre and for ensuring that archaeology is part of the   review and determination of CRM evaluation levels.

Archaeological Services Branch Director

The Director of the Archaeological Services Branchin the National Office is responsible for contributing to the Agency’s CRM strategies, developing national direction, policies and training for archaeological resource management, advocating increased protection and awareness, and providing support and leadership for the function.


9 In the case of the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada, the scale of archaeological resources at the site has meant that dedicated professional archaeological expertise both for field work and collections management exists at the site within the Cape Breton Field Unit
10 ibid
Roles and Accountability Regarding Archaeology


Area of Accountability Heritage Areas (HA)- National Historic Sites (NHS)-Others

National Office Role

Field UnitRole

Service Centre Role

Recommendation and/or Formal approval

NHS Commemorative Integrity Statement

Review

Preparation

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

FUS/DG- NHS

HA  Scoping Document

Review

Preparation

Input on request of FUS

FUS/CEO

HA  Management Plan

Guidance and Advice

Preparation

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

 FUS/ DG/CEO/Minister

HA Reporting

Guidance and Advice

Preparation

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

FUS

HA Impact Assessment

Overall Policy Advice

Preparation

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

FUS

HA Research and Collection Permits

Development and Overall Policy Advice

Management

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

FUS

HA - General Practice of Archaeological Resource Management  (ARM) as part of CRM

  Overall Policy Advice

Ensure that Guidelines and CRM Policy respected in operations

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS

Cultural Resources Council  (CRC)/DG-NHS

HA Policy Development  for ARM

Lead in Development

Input concerning operational implications

Input to policy development based on practical experience

CRC/DG-NHS/EB

Providing Archaeological Advice to Federal Land Managers (FLM) and Responsible Authorities under CEAA

Overall Policy Advice and support to FLM Departments

Formal contact with regional FLM

Archaeological expertise provided upon request of FUS and FLM

Not Applicable