War of 1812 - Artefact of the Week - January 18th, 2013

Sword and Scabbard of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel de Salaberry

Parks Canada: BRQ.742.3a-b

Constructed in a style inspired by the British 1796 pattern light cavalry sword, this steel sabre and scabbard were carried by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel De Salaberry, the victor of the Battle of Chateauguay. The rugged plain steel scabbard and unadorned blade were ideal for the rigors of field service. The sword has a steel hilt with a brass pommel.

The Battle of the Châteauguay, fought on October 26, 1813, was an important battle. Charles de Salaberry led a force of about 1,630 British regulars, Canadian militia, and First Nations warriors which repelled an American invasion of about 4,000 troops. The Americans sought to capture Montreal, and this British victory was one of the two battles (the other being Crysler’s Farm fought on 11 November) that caused the Americans to abandon their major strategic effort in autumn 1813.

To learn more about this decisive victory, read Salaberry Blocks American Thrust Against Montreal in the This Week in History archives. For more information about the Battle of the Châteauguay, visit The Battle of the Châteauguay National Historic Site on the Parks Canada Website.

Sword and Scabbard of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel de Salaberry Sword and Scabbard of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel de Salaberry
© Parks Canada