2.0 Planning Context
© Parks Canada/Mas Matsushita/MRGNP collection #615-0238-D-186
2.1 Regional Setting
Immediately north of the confluence of the Illecillewaet and the Columbia Rivers, Mount Revelstoke National Park lies adjacent to the community of Revelstoke, with its population of 8,200. Approximately 48 km to the east of Revelstoke and 56 km west of Golden (population 4,300), Glacier National Park encompasses Rogers Pass National Historic Site. The historic site occupies a 25 km corridor along the Trans-Canada Highway and extends from the floor of the pass to the top of the ridge of the flanking mountains. It includes the Avalanche Crest where A.B. Rogers led his exploration party in 1881.
Ecological and socio-economic ties bind these areas to their greater ecosystem. Forestry companies lease much of the timber that surrounds the parks. Mount Revelstoke is adjacent to a hydro-electric dam. Skiing and snowmobiling are popular recreational activities outside the parks. Recognizing their place as part of a larger ecosystem, the parks place a high priority on working with neighbouring land managers. Old-growth rainforest valley bottom habitat in the region has been largely altered by the transportation corridor, hydro-electric dams and urban development.
The Trans-Canada Highway bisects Glacier National Park and Rogers Pass National Historic Site and runs through the southeast portion of Mount Revelstoke National Park. More than four million people drove through the parks and site in 2001; almost 15% of these travellers stopped to experience the parks. Most visitors use frontcountry facilities along the Trans-Canada. A much smaller percentage venture into the backcountry. An average of 11,000 trains pass through Glacier National Park each year.
Located close to the center of Glacier National Park, Rogers Pass provides a staging and operational area for park and highway maintenance, Figure 1. Adjacent to the Parks Canada operational area the Glacier Park Lodge operates a year round hotel, restaurant, gas bar and convenience store. The Rogers Pass Discovery Centre is the park's primary visitor facility and provides information, orientation and interpretation services.
Parks Canada acknowledges the interests of First Nations, in particular the Ktunaxa-Kinbasket, Secwepemc and Okanagan First Nations, in the planning and operation of these two national parks and the national historic site and welcomes the potential for increasing their involvement. The Ktunaxa-Kinbasket Treaty Council (KKTC) represents the Ktunaxa-Kinbasket peoples in the B.C. Treaty Commission Process and is currently in the Agreement in Principle negotiation stage with the governments of B.C. and Canada. Negotiations are ongoing with the KKTC to more formally determine the nature and extent of their involvement in these parks, as well as in Kootenay and Yoho National Parks. Other First Nations with overlapping interests in these four national parks are not presently participating in the treaty process.
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