Common menu bar links

The activities in Peopling the Land are as old as humanity, but they have been commemorated only recently in Canada. For example, Canada's earliest inhabitants, the ancestors of present-day Aboriginal peoples, were once viewed almost exclusively through archaeology: many National Historic Sites of Canada are places where the physical remains of their ancient settlements were studied by archaeologists. By contrast, in the 1990s, the National Historic Sites program began to recognize the authority of Aboriginal peoples in explaining the location and significance of their special places. This recognition has begun to provide a more complete and nuanced version of the past.

The Canadian government also has recognized important sites where European powers raised the flags in the seventeenth century. The forms of settlement that forged Canada have begun to receive the national recognition they merit. These include the imprint of the seigneurial system on the landscape of Quebec, the strong Ontario influence on Prairie settlement and the distinctive local survey patterns that encouraged others to pioneer in new areas. Historic districts in towns and rural cultural landscapes have been recognized as part of Canadians' legacy of the persistence and innovation of earlier generations.
Port-Royal, Nova Scotia - Reconstruction of 1605 French Port Port-Royal,
Nova Scotia

Reconstruction
of 1605 French Port


Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia - Commemorates Acadian Settlement and Expulsion
Grand-Pré,
Nova Scotia

Commemorates
Acadian
Settlement
and Expulsion


Wanuskewin, Saskatchewan - Complex of Plains Indian Cultural Sites
Wanuskewin,
Saskatchewan

Complex of Plains
Indian Cultural Sites
Much more can be done to help Canadians understand our nation's migration and settlement practices. Recently, Aboriginal peoples in northern Canada have sought recognition for the complexity of their patterns of seasonal land use. There remain, however, significant and distinctive practices associated with other cultures, in other regions, that have yet to be recognized.
Stanley Park, British Columbia - Outstanding Large Urban Park
Stanley Park, British Columbia
Outstanding Large Urban Park
Southwold Earthworks, Ontario - Site of Attiwandaronk Indian Village
Southwold Earthworks, Ontario
Site of Attiwandaronk Indian Village
Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial, Quebec - Quarantine Station for Immigrants 1832-1937
Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial, Quebec
Quarantine Station for Immigrants 1832-1937

National Historic Sites Of Canada System Plan

PreviousTable of contentsNext