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Developing Economies
The Letter F rom the earliest hunters and gatherers to today's post-industrial workers, Canadians have worked in a wide variety of ways to sustain themselves. This theme looks at the historical legacies of early subsistence economies; commercial pursuits in fishing, farming, forestry and mining; services industries and manufacturing processes.

Hunting and Gathering

Head Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - World Heritage Site - Aboriginal Bison Drive Canada's earliest inhabitants hunted, gathered, fished, farmed, quarried and traded for survival. This sub-theme addresses the economic history of these early communities. Commemorations related to this include Old Women's Buffalo Jump and Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump World Heritage Site in Alberta, remarkable examples of Aboriginal bison drives, and Fall Caribou Crossing in Nunavut, a hunting area crucial to Inuit survival.

Extraction and Production

E.B. Eddy - Manufacturer of Matches, Pulp and Paper Products From early European fishing and whaling to the exploitation of Canadian hydroelectric power, harnessing natural resources has played a crucial role in Canada's economic development. This sub-theme addresses the development of Canada's primary pursuits (farming, fishing, forestry, mining), service industries, and secondary manufacturing processes as well as changing forms of energy used to supplement human labour.

Skookum Jim 'Keish' Mason - Discoverer of First Major Yukon Gold Fields

Commemorations include the Motherwell Homestead in Saskatchewan, lumber magnate Ezra Butler Eddy in Hull, Quebec, and Skookum Jim "Keish" Mason, one of the discoverers of the first major gold fields in the Yukon Territory.

Motherwell Homestead, Saskatchewan - 1882 Farm of William Richard Motherwell

Motherwell Homestead, Saskatchewan
1882 Farm of William Richard Motherwell

Trade and Commerce

Timothy Eaton - Founder of Famous Department Store (1869) Here the focus is on the commercial exchange of goods and services. One of Canada's earliest economic ventures, the fur trade, has been commemorated at a number of sites, including the Hudson's Bay Company post Fort St. James in British Columbia and the Fur Trade at Lachine, a Montréal depot for the North West Company. Timothy Eaton, founder of the Eaton's department store in 1869, and Enos Collins, a privateer and entrepreneur who played an important role in the development of Halifax, also have been commemorated.

National Historic Sites Of Canada System Plan
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