Coatee of Colonel Matthew Elliott
Parks Canada: FF.75.8.2
Colonel Matthew Elliot was the owner of this circa 1800-1813 scarlet military coatee. Tailored of a fine woollen material with white piping, the coatee has dark blue facings, collar and cuffs. The turnbacks on the tails of the garment are of white cloth. The flat, gilt buttons are plain.
Originally from Ireland, Matthew Elliott immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1761 and became a successful trader with First Nations. He sided with the British during the American War of Independence and after the war relocated to Essex County in Upper Canada. There he built a prosperous estate, and developed his commercial and political interests. His influence with First Nations and fluency in several of their languages helped him to become Superintendent of the Indian Department in Amherstburg in the 1790s and during the War of 1812. He was also a senior officer in the Essex County Militia during these periods.
During the war Elliott coordinated First Nations warriors and their British allies at the Capture of Detroit in 1812. He continued in this role in 1813 at the battles of Frenchtown and Moraviantown, and the sieges of Forts Meigs and Stephenson.
For more information about Fort Malden National Historic Site, visit the Parks Canada Website.