Origins of Coal Industry in Alberta National Historic Event

Lethbridge, Alberta
Origins of Coal Industry in Alberta (© © Parks Canada / Parcs Canada)
Origins of Coal Industry in Alberta
(© © Parks Canada / Parcs Canada)
Address : 7th St. South and 3rd Ave. South, Lethbridge, Alberta

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1926-05-22

Other Name(s):
  • Origins of Coal Industry in Alberta  (Designation Name)

Importance: Role of Alberta coal industry, began in 1874

Plaque(s)


Existing plaque: Galt Garden Park 7th St. South and 3rd Ave. South, Lethbridge, Alberta

Near here Nicholas Sheran opened the first commercial coal mine on the prairies in 1874. However, it was not until the 1882 formation by the Galt family of the North Western Coal and Navigation Company and the 1885 completion of the rail line from Lethbridge that large-scale production began. The Canadian Pacific Railway spurred coal mine development here, near Banff, and later in the Crowsnest Pass area. By 1913 the construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific and the Canadian-Northern Railway opened up coal reserves in other parts of Alberta and fostered the further growth of this major industry.