This Week in History
Marysville: A Company Town Like No Other
|For the week of Monday March 30, 1998
On April 2,1886, Marysville, New Brunswick was incorporated as a town. Now a quiet suburb of Fredericton, Marysville has a unique story. For most of its life, it has been a company town whose three successive owners controlled its land and ran its affairs. The most influential owner was Alexander "Boss" Gibson, who owned the community between 1862 and 1907.
Gibson used the large profits from lumbering to continue building up the community. He built a huge mansion, new workers' housing, a company store, a school, and the town hall – and that was just the start! In 1883, Gibson stunned everyone by starting to build a cotton mill – an area in which he had no expertise and for which the Maritime region offered few resources except water power. However, the Marysville Cotton Mill was enormously successful. One year after the completion of the cotton mill, Gibson named the town Marysville, in honour of his wife and deceased daughter.
The Marysville Cotton Mill National Historic Site now houses government offices, but remains a well-designed example of a late 19th century textile mill. Marysville Historic District, also a national historic site, gives a glimpse of a virtually intact, 19th century company town and celebrates the achievement of Alexander "Boss" Gibson.
- Date Modified: